They embarked on a full-fledged tour together in , and four new Judds songs were released on an exclusive bonus disc with Wynonna 's Mercury debut, New Day Dawning. Her most eclectic effort to date and her first as a co-producer , the album featured covers of Joni Mitchell and the Fabulous Thunderbirds , and while it didn't spawn any major hit singles, it again climbed into the Top Five on the country album charts.
Judd returned to her country roots in with What the World Needs Now Is Love , which found her reuniting on one track "Flies on the Butter" with her mother. An album of covers and standards, Sing: Chapter 1 , appeared in A six-episode reality television series with her mother entitled The Judds was broadcast on the Oprah Winfrey Network in April.
It was Judd 's first new solo material in four years.
Then he waited. Shortly afterwards, a police raid on the local news revealed it was staffed by trafficked women. The law that Smith helped to pass in Georgia, like a similar one in Ohio, sets no time limit on using DNA to challenge paternity. The day the baby was born, Ogden called his old flame from a pay phone on campus and listened, distraught, as she described the beautiful baby girl she knew she needed to give away. At first, whenever Mike saw Stephanie after the divorce, he felt a stabbing bitterness, but eventually, he grudgingly accepted the situation. A small but growing number of courts in other states have gone this route, but such arrangements are still rare.
This dictate to abruptly sever the bond with a vulnerable child — to simply cease reading bedtime stories or cheering at soccer games or wiping away tears — sounds coldhearted. But courts in Pennsylvania and many other states are suspicious of men who claim they were defrauded into serving as father but who, after discovering the truth, nonetheless continue to behave exactly as a father would. Hudson chose the former path, though he told me he had hoped his ex-wife would allow him time with the boy. Court records show she also told the child his father no longer wanted him. Hudson and his former wife have another child, a daughter.
When he goes to pick her up and tries to talk to the boy, now nearly 17, Hudson says that the boy turns and walks away. Mike acknowledged that he continued to act as L. Stephanie testified, however, that she never claimed such a thing. The testimony here today is that he only did it because of some philanthropic belief that he wanted to step up. He fought for every other weekend. He fought for having her overnight on a Wednesday. He fought for having her not be able to leave the jurisdiction.
He had taken her on vacations to Disney World, Las Vegas and the ocean, celebrated at her birthday parties, bought her gifts and attended her soccer games and school activities. As such, the hearing officer ordered, Rob should help pay her support, too. But Stephanie did. Pennsylvania law did not allow for the recognition of two fathers of the same child, he wrote in his opinion, and thus he could not order two men to pay paternal support.
Wecht concluded that under the law, Mike was L. Fraud is the only way to rebut the key paternity doctrine, and Wecht, like the hearing officer, concluded fraud did not induce Mike to continue as L. A married man named Kevin Moyer learned he was not the genetic father of his 9-year-old son. Still, when the marriage ended, Moyer retained partial custody and paid child support. The child lived primarily with Vicky and Gresh, but when he was a teenager, he asked to live full time with Moyer, whom he considered his father. Moyer sought primary custody of the boy.
The Greshes fought back, suing to name Gresh as the legal father instead. The appellate court, however, ruled in favor of Moyer.
View all New York Times newsletters. Still, the state of the law frustrated the judge. In his opinion, Wecht wrestled with how to apply a law that requires deliberately ignoring genetic facts that are of the utmost importance to the people involved. Although Mike sensed that Wecht understood his predicament, he felt trapped by the ruling and he appealed, hoping another judge might find him a way out. Then he waited. Smith then became the first man to disestablish paternity under that law.
Identifying a man to tap for child support in welfare cases would also reduce government spending. The law required paternity-acknowledgment forms to be distributed at every birth by an unwed mother.
It did not require states to offer genetic testing before those forms were signed, but most of the forms do note that genetic testing is available. Advocates on both sides of the issue, however, say nearly all men sign the form without undergoing testing. He is then served with legal papers.
The policy changes have been a huge success: the number of out-of-wedlock births with established paternity has more than tripled in the last 15 years, reaching 1. But as that figure swelled, so did the number of men who started having doubts. New, easy-to-use technology provided them with the means to an answer.
With the scientific proof in hand, men like Carnell Smith began fighting back. A few months after Smith split up with his girlfriend in , she announced she was pregnant with his child. Believing her, he signed a paternity acknowledgment for their daughter, Chandria.
He obtained joint custody, paid her support and spent virtually every weekend with his little girl. When Chandria was 11, her mother sued to increase support. Smith decided to be tested, and the results excluded him as the father. The court ruled against Smith, concluding that he had known that his former girlfriend had other partners at the end of their relationship and should have realized he might not be the father.
The law that Smith helped to pass in Georgia, like a similar one in Ohio, sets no time limit on using DNA to challenge paternity. It is, Smith says, a correction to a double standard that allows mothers and caseworkers to use DNA to prove paternity but prohibits men from using that same evidence to escape its obligations. In the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws — an influential body of lawyers and judges that proposes model laws — drafted a compromise.
The proposal would allow the presumed father, the biological father or the mother to challenge the paternity until a child turns 2. The last time Smith saw his one-time daughter was nine years ago, when she was He has long since lost track of Chandria. It is as if she ceased to exist once their biological connection evaporated. Chandria, however, has not forgotten Smith. Her memories of her 11 years with him are happy ones, which makes what happened afterward so hard for her to grasp.
As Chandria, who is now 20, remembers it, Smith just disappeared from her life. She stopped seeing friends and holed up in the bathroom, scratching and picking at her skin until it bled. The more it hurt, she told me, the calmer she felt. Chandria received counseling at her school and privately for years. Chandria now attends college in Georgia. She has seen Carnell Smith on the local news and on the Internet and cannot reconcile the man who seems to her so insensitive with the father she knew: attentive, seemingly proud of their relationship and eager to spend time with her.
Besides, society has increasingly recognized that parenthood is not necessarily bound to genetics.
Reproductive technology has made it possible for one person to supply an egg, another to fertilize it, a third to gestate it and a fourth and fifth to be deemed the parents. Stepparents, grandparents and same-sex co-parents are increasingly winning legally protected access to children whom they helped raise, even when no direct genetic link exists.
See, it's not for him She is his only need. Ring on her finger and one on the ladder A new promotion every now and then Bonnie worked until she couldn't tie her apron Then stayed at home and had the first of two children And my, how the time did fly The babies grew up and moved away Left 'em sitting on the front porch rocking And Billy watching Bonnie's hair turn gray. And every once in a while you could see him get up And he's head downtown 'Cause he heard about something she wanted And it just had to be found Didn't matter how simple or how much It was love And, boy, ain't that love just something When it's strong enough to keep a man goin' Repeat Chorus.
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